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A creature who has not yet acted during combat is flat-footed, not yet reacting normally to the situation. A flat-footed character loses his Dexterity bonus to AC and Dodge AC bonus and cannot make Attacks of Opportunity.

Flat-footed characters are candidates for a Rogue/Unholy Champion Sneak Attack and/or Assassin Death Attack. This applies especially when the character with sneak attack has much higher initiative than his/her opponent.



  • Dexterity AC bonus is lost when caught flat-footed unless the character has the Uncanny Dodge feat.
  • Dodge bonus AC is always lost when caught flat-footed.
  • AC gained from ranks in the Tumble skill is always lost when caught flat-footed.
  • The Monk AC bonus from his Wisdom modifier, and the bonus AC gained from Monk levels are never lost when caught flat-footed.